|When would these people be called citizen? |
Could Anderson's letter have helped the
march toward true freedom? / PD LOC
The internet latched onto the letter, immediately asking if it was real. I had the same reaction when I first heard its forceful words. I first heard Anderson's letter because it appears on the soundtrack of the amazingly moving Broadway flop Reunion. The letter is read with Stephen Foster's "Hard Times Come Again No More" as underscore. It isa brilliant moment encapsulating the true revolutionary shift of the war. A black actor with a wonderfully booming voice intones, "eleven thousand six hundred and eighty dollars," with such weight and power.
I did some digging after hearing the powerful words, wondering if these were authentic or the invention of a brilliant playwright. I found a few users at Snopes who had already done much of the research for me. The letter appears to be authentic to the period.
But did Jordan Anderson write it? Did he dictate it? And in the end, how much does that really matter?
The people of 1865 who reprinted the sarcastic letter wanted it to be real. The very fact that the words attributed to Anderson saw viral distribution in the months after it first appeared in an Ohio newspaper shows there was a real desire from Americans to believe the words were real. Why were they reprinted?
The Wellsville, Pennsylvania Agitator ran a version of the letter in October of 1865. That year's state legislative races all revolved around black voting rights in the Commonwealth. Regardless of whether the letter was an invention or the genuine article, it still became a keen and sharp political tool to advocate that a black man could be just as witty, intelligent and snidely observant as a white man. The letter could help show a white Pennsylvanian audience that yes, in fact, a black man was smart enough to employ sarcasm and identify irony. Why not let him vote?
Is the letter real? We'll never know for sure, unless we find the original document, and even then it might still be a little suspect. But is it real, in the sense that it sheds light on what the past was like, how people acted and what they felt. Does it help us to reach a better understanding of the Truths of the past? Of course.
We feel the pain of a slave, just like voters across America did as they went to the polls in the aftermath of the war, deciding who in their states were worthy of being called 'citizen'.
John I love this question you asked...ReplyDelete
"The very fact that the words attributed to Anderson saw viral distribution in the months after it first appeared in an Ohio newspaper shows there was a real desire from Americans to believe the words were real. Why were they reprinted?"
This hits on a central theme I have seen in almost every major American conflict. Once the fighting is over there is usually a massive outpouring of emotion and desire to return to normal (not just in the Harding vision either). Almost a "hey hey we won, yay us! now let's get on with life". We saw this after WWI, WWII, and even after the debacles in Korea and Vietnam (though w/o the victory per se). BUT there also seems to be a percentage that digs deeper and is perceptive about what was it all about. In this case the death of 600,000+ Americans and four years of devastation. What was the tangible outcome? Union preserved? Well that is abstract and too abstract to justify. Emancipation? There is the one thing you could touch, especially in Ohio where interaction with slavery would have been not uncommon in the antebellum years.
Here we have a letter than seems to confirm northern victory in very uncertain terms. The south was repudiated - socially, economically, and politically. A slave berating a master, a black man besting a white man. Had to look comforting to a people who just endured the trial of war.
John, click on the link. From today (2/11) Charlotte Observer.ReplyDelete